Science and technology is an important facet of development. Country categorization has often been based on the application of science and technology premised on the fact that countries that heavily apply modern science develop faster. Scientific and Technological innovation drives value addition, increases competitiveness and creates employment among other benefits. Government has recognized the importance of science, technology and innovation and has supported the sector to thrive through support to support research institutions to develop and commercialize industrial innovations. Science and technical education will be promoted through provision of incentives for sciences, mathematics, technical and vocational teachers, supporting science and research development, and encouraging the private sector to support science education.
Scientific and Technological innovation drive value addition, increases competitiveness and creates employment among other benefits. Science and technology encompasses a huge body of knowledge and tools that ease the use of economic resources in order to produce goods and services innovatively. Technology has enabled sharing of information across the globe turning the universe into one global village. With advanced technology, there is an increase in division and specialization of labor which has promoted efficiency, effectiveness and development due to the larger amounts of output rendered in terms of goods and services.
Uganda has progressively adopted application of science and technology in its production systems. This is evident from the uptake of modern farming inputs as well as the technological content embedded within the products in Uganda’s export basket. Analysis of the manufacturing sector in Uganda shows that manufactured exports increased more than 7 times between 2001 and 2012 with both the share of manufactured exports in merchandise exports and the share of manufactured exports as a percentage of industrial GDP almost doubling from 39 percent and 13 percent in 2001 to 65 percent and 33 percent in 2011 respectively.
Government has allocated funding to the STI sector to drive an innovation- led industrialization agenda and implement critical investment plans over the medium term including: a) Promote and support scientists to undertake Research and Development; b) Popularize the Innovation Fund Guidelines as a framework for the application of the Innovation Fund; c)Develop and Finalize Guidelines on mainstreaming Science, Technology and Innovation in MDAs and Local Governments ;d) Disseminate and support the application of bio safety and bio technology, and f) Setting up and operationalization of STI infrastructure (Regional Science and technology Parks, technology transfer Centres)